In olden times there were minor manufacturers having a market in the neighbouring areas while for the rest of the trades there were hereditary artisans like carpenters, blacksmiths, potters, goldsmiths & other artisans to meet the local demands. Even after independence, Nagaur district has been practically industrially backward on account of the lack of exploitation of natural resources and under developed infrastructural facilities. Now the industrial climate is changing and a number of incentives and concessions are being offered to prospective entrepreneurs and they are looking forward to establish thier units in the district.
EXISTING INDUSTRIAL STATUS
Industrial units with a fixed capital investment of Rs. 5 crore and above are categorised as large scale industries. There are seven large and medium scale industries which exist in Nagaur district.
|S.No.||Name of the Unit||Product Name|
|1||J.K. White Cement Works, Gotan||White Cement|
|2||Saboo Sodium Chlorides Ltd. Govindi-Marwar||Refined Iodised Salt|
|3||Sarvottam Industries Ltd. Merta Road||Edible Oil & Cakes|
SMALL SCALE INDUSTRY
Inspired by the incentives of the Government, the growth of small scale industries in the district is fast. The total industrial units, registered in the District Industries Centre upto March, 2004 were 14835. The major units covered by this sector are mainly food based industries, agriculture based industrie etc.. Some of these units are old & traditional industries while there has been coming up in recent years either as demand or resources based industries.
Number of Units Registered upto 31.3.2008
|Categories||Unit's Number||Employment in Number||Investment in Lacs|
|1||Large & Medium||3||425||14570.00|
Details of Registered SSI Unit in District Nagaur
Type of Industries
|No.||Invest (in lacs)||Empoyment||No.||Invest (in lacs)||Empoyment|
KHADI & VILLAGE INDUSTRIES
The khadi & Village Industries of the district include leather, tanning & manufacture of leather goods, waeving of cloths, woolen carpets, soap, furniture, rope making etc.. Besides, the traditional blacksmiths, carpenters & potters etc. are also available in the most of the parts of the district. The development of village industries has an important place in the development plan of the state. These have been getting impetus through incentives, mainly in the form of loans being provided by Rajasthan Khadi Gramodyog Board, Rajasthan Financial Corporation, etc.
HAND TOOLS INDUSTRY
If Rajasthan State is in the helm of
handi-crafts over the world, Nagaur claims its superiority in hand-tools. Hand-tools
Industry has flourished in & around Nagaur over the years. The industry peers into the
past dating back 600 years. It is worth-seeing how iron is moulded & made use of for
different sections of the society. In fact, hand-tools are so well-designed as if they are
additional hands for human beings. About 300 types of hand-tools are manufactured catering
to the requirements from gold-smiths to aeroplane engineers. Though the iron industry has
undergone drastic changes, the hand-tools industry remained unchallenged & unmatched.
The demand of these hand made tools always witnessed growing trend. Hand Tools Design,
Development & Training Centre (HTDDTC) is engaged in motivating more units to come up.
Nagaur district is also an important salt producing area, Nawa & Deedwana tehsils being the major salt producing zones. Moreover, the Sambhar area (although forming part of the Jaipur district) is quite close to the salt belt of the Nagaur district. The industries based on common salt area local resources could sustain inter-alia the following kind of plants:-
1. Caustic Soda Plant
2. Soda ash plant
3. Chlorine gas plant
4. sodium sulphate plant
5. Iodises salt & refinery
Nagaur district is very rich in gypsum deposits with Nagaur, Bhadwasi, Bhadana and Manglod as particularly the best Gypsum bearing areas in the district. The reserves were estimated to be 952 million tones with 81% content and above by the Geographical Survey of India. A substantial part of the gypsum produced hare has been supplied to the Sindri fertilizer factory in Bihar. It has also found its way to Haryana, after primary grinding. An industrial complex in Nagaur, based on gypsum, along with ancillaries could be a major employment provider for the local population.
Gypsum based industries are as follows :
(i) Cement plan (Portland) (ii) Fertilizer plant
(iii) Plaster of paris plant (iv) Potteries and moulds plant
(v) Sulphuric acid plant
Best grade lime stone is found at Gotan, Mundwa, Kathoti and Ambali in the Nagaur district. Lime stone is also available in the Nagaur district in abundant quantity & the quality is reasonably good. Large reserves amounting to about 33 Million tones of high grade lime stone are found near Gotan. The deposit near Mundwa contains a reserve of about 1.19 million tones of high grade lime stone.
The industries based on limestone as a resource are as follows :
1. Quick Lime
2. Hydrated Lime
3. Precipitated chalk plants
4. Mineral Grinding plants
5. Cement plant
Wolfram (Wolframite) deposits are found in the Renwat hill at Degana. In this mineral, the tungstate of iron and manganese, occurs, in the veins or lodes of granite and phtilites especially. Tungsten is specially suitable for use in the production of alloy steels and high speed cutting steals which retain hardness even when they are red hot. However for small quantities generally low grade material have been mined. A reserve of the order of 3,400 tones has been established. Other minerals available in Nagaur district including sandstone. It is available almost every where in the district, but the best grades are available at Khatu in Deedwana tehsil where as many as 150 quarries already exists. Fairy good deposits of white clay are found of near the village of Suradhana, Khajawana, Mundwa, Dhadhariya Khurd and at a number of other places in Merta Tehsil.
In Nagaur district, Rajasthan state Industrial Development & Investment Corporation Ltd. (RIICO) has developed industrial areas & are located at Nagaur, Merta, Makarana. The district also has three industrial area of District Industrial Centre (DIC).
Existing status of Industrial Areas
|S.No.||Name of the Town Industrial Area||Total Area||Total Plots||Plots Allotted||Plots Vacant|
|1||RIICO I.A., Nagaur||41.58 Acres||101||96||5|
|2||RIICO I.A., Merta City||33.40 Acres||83||83||-|
|3||RIICO I.A., Makarana||286.72 Acres||367||348||19|
|4||I.I.D. RIICO I.A., Nagaur||80.00 Acres||267||257||10|
|5||DIC I.A., Gotan||50 Biga||24||24||-|
|6||DIC I.A., Badu (Parbatsar)||25 Biga||64||64||-|
|7||DIC I.A., Ladnun||101.5 Biga||104||98||6|
|8||RIICO I.A. Deedwana||77.56 Acres||124||97||27|
|9||RIICO I.A. Parbatsar||87.10 Acres||124||114||10|
Principle trade centres of the district Nagaur, Merta, Nawa, Ladnun, Jayal, Didwana, Parbatsar, Makarana, Degana & Kuchaman city and a number of Krishi Upaj Mandies area also coming up in the district for marketing facilities of agriculture products. Prominent Krishi Upaj Mandies are Nagaur, Merta, Degana & Kuchaman City.
JATU SAREE OF REN
The weavers of Ren with the help of pitloom weave in enchanting marwari colours and designs, traditional Jatu saries. To give amazing durability, they manufactured it with 20 number thread. About 100 families have been engaged in this profession for more than seven generations. This cloth is specially suitable, hygienically conducive and comfortable to the women of this are. modern girls appear quite different in skirts made of this cloth.
BRONZE INDUSTRY OF NAGAUR
Not only ayurvedic but also modern therapies consider bronze as a tonic. Hence to eat in the utensils made of bronze is considered conducive to health. About 200 kansara families of Nagaur are engaged in manufacturing the pots and utensils of bronze. Their dazzling glaze, without using any machine and geometric designs are the proof of their skills, workmanship. Merely with their hand and hammer implying hit and spread method these artisans manufacture pots and utensils of brass also.
LEATHER MOJARI OF NAGAUR
About 200 families of Badu, Parbatsar, Nimbi Khurd, Toshina, Merta are engaged in the profession of manufacturing traditional design of leather mojari. This mojari is famous world wide for its durability but earlier they lacked in beauty & comfort. Under the operation "mojari" these artisan were given special training to prepare mojari is latest design, shapes and sizes of the international standard using the traditional skill with the modern equipments and material, these artisans are manufacturing excellent quality of mojari.
DURRIES OF TANKLA
Weavers from kumhar cast using goat & camel wool traditionally made a special type of durry called jat-patti. It's durability was so long that even the lowest quality durry could last at least 100 years. The same skilled weavers began to weave durries of cottons instead of wool. These durries are famous all over the world for their appealing and enchanting colours, designs and durability. At present 200 weavers are skilled in this profession. These people are engaged in the manufacturer of durries and carpets using cotton, wool & synthetic fibre.